Machu Picchu is a nearly intact archaeological city built in the 15th Century by the Ancient Peruvian civilisation of the Incas. It lies North of the city of Cusco which used to be the capital of this Incan civilisation. It is located 2,430meters above sea level hidden in the mist and clutches of the Andean mountains. It is an expansive maze of a now unused city, which plays host to agricultural terraces, housing units, drainage systems, schools, hospitals and hidden entrances alongside worshiping and sacrificial temples.
The Incas who inhabited this ancient city were predominantly an agricultural civilization who used technology, engendering and astronomy to support this focus. Not surprising then that they were nature worshipers with their deities being the mother – nature, the father – mountains and most importantly the sun. They believed in balance and strived for this in everything that they did. Recognising the opposites and equals of things in nature, creating symmetry within their building and structures and understanding the balance of the agricultural patterns.
They had a strict hierarchy system which started with the Inca (the king) and went down to the farm workers. Even though there was a classification system in society each role was arduous, and work filled as the Inca abhorred laziness. Unlike close civilisations such as the Aztecs and Mayans there is no indication of any monetary system among the Incas. Instead a reciprocate culture was in force that one must help another without payment, however if that person was ever in need, they would also receive it. Each person was expected to work; however, each person received all that they needed in an even distribution of wealth society.
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