The Inca Trail Treks to Machu Picchu
The first Spaniards that arrived to Peru unanimously praised the Inca roads, and as the years passed they became outstanding wide roads with thousands of kilometers long, joining all the boundaries of the extensive empire with Cusco, its capital. They were comfortable roads that let you travel without fatigue or danger. The “tambos” (roadside hostelry) where populations in charge of providing and taking care of the large groups of migrants that performed the population changes (mitimaes), and of the soldiers who widen the Inca territories. Tambo and road was the structural binomial of the Inca Empire.
The Inca Trail is a large network of roads existed in what is now known as the Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. Such is the case of the two roads that paralleled the Urubamba river connecting all the towns established along both banks of the river. It is obvious to mention that each riverside town was connected with the others through the road; it could not be other way. The railroad now runs on the right bank of the river.
One of the old roads, the main one that goes by the altitudes, has been named Camina inca (Inca Trail), traveled nowadays by hundreds of national and foreign tourists. The tourism of adventure, research and mysticism are practiced here.